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Power Shortage By 2027 In Australia And How to Avoid It?
Power Shortage By 2027 In Australia And How to Avoid It

Power Shortage By 2027 In Australia And How to Avoid It?

Published on:
October 31, 2023

Electricity shortages are coming to households and businesses along Australia’s eastern coast. The closure of several coal-fired power plants collides with delays in building critical new gas and clean energy projects.  

Residences and commercial establishments across all states along Australia’s eastern coastline face the possibility of power shortages by 2027. But how to avoid the power shortage in Australia?  

This potential issue arises due to the shutdowns of multiple coal-powered plants. And its setbacks in constructing essential gas and renewable energy initiatives intended to take their place. 

Up to five coal-fired power plants will cease operations by the end of this decade. And power shortage will be standard from 2027 onwards. These closures reduced the east-coast grid’s generating capacity by 13%. These closures included major plants in Victoria’s Latrobe Valley, NSW, and Queensland. 

The Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) warns of potential scarcity starting in 2027. They are urging immediate action to avoid an energy crisis. 

AEMO's Projections and Warnings

In a recent report, the AEMO highlights shifts in power resource projections for Victoria, South Australia, New South Wales, and Queensland.  

The report talks about the urgency of investing in new power generation facilities and critical infrastructure projects to avert impending shortages. 

AEMO warns that energy market gaps will begin to emerge from 2025 onwards. If Eraring closes, NSW may experience shortages first. Additionally, Victoria may face deficits starting from 2026 because gas-fired power stations will shut down. 

Renewable Energy Milestones 

Renewable energy accounted for 40% of the power on the grid in the last quarter of 2022. This percentage represents a new record. Australia is working to reduce carbon emissions and aims to decrease greenhouse gas emissions by 42% by 2030. And ongoing investment in renewables continues to rise. 

Government Initiatives and Challenges

The Albanese government wants 82% of its energy from renewable sources in the next ten years. They will use the $20 billion “Rewiring the Nation” fund to update the grid and improve transmission lines. Off-grid solar energy is also getting popular every day.  

However, AEMO expresses concern about gradually adopting firming generation technologies necessary for backing renewable systems during low wind and sunlight. 

The Labour Party needs help in its emissions-reduction policy. They require support from the Greens. However, the push for gas-fired power generation for grid stability complicates things. The Greens demand a halt to new gas field development as a prerequisite for endorsement. 

Energy experts highlight significant gaps between possible and committed projects. A fraction of the upcoming projects classifies as committed. The market landscape is shifting, indicating potential challenges and urging stakeholders to take action. 

The electricity shortage on Australia’s eastern coast demands immediate attention and strategic intervention. Balancing the closure of coal-fired plants with the timely implementation of renewable technologies is crucial to ensure a reliable and sustainable energy future for the region.  

Effects Of Power Shortages In Different Sectors Of Australia

power shortage
A power outage can have far-reaching and disruptive effects on various industries in Australia. Here are the industries that would be most affected by a power outage: 

Health Care Sector

Hospitals need a steady power supply for life-saving equipment, medication temperature control, and life support systems. Power failures can jeopardise patient care, delay surgeries, and impact critical treatments. 

Manufacturing and Production

Industries involving complex machinery and automated processes, such as manufacturing and production, depend highly on uninterrupted power to maintain operations. Power disruptions can lead to production halts and material wastage, potentially affecting supply chains. 

Information Technology (IT) and Data Centres

Data centres and IT infrastructure require a stable power supply to ensure the accessibility and security of digital data. Power outages can cause data loss, disrupt online services, and impact businesses that depend on e-commerce and cloud services. 

Finance and Banking

Financial institutions rely heavily on electronic transactions, trading platforms, and online banking. A power outage can disrupt economic market disruptions, hinder transactions, and impact customer access to funds and services. 

Transportation and Logistics

Public transportation systems, airports, and shipping ports depend on electricity for operation and communication. Power failures can lead to transportation delays and flight cancellations and impact the movement of goods and people. 

Food and Beverage Industry

Restaurants, supermarkets, and food processing plants require electricity to maintain refrigeration, cooking equipment, and storage. A power outage can lead to food spoilage and inventory loss, impacting fresh product availability. 


Telecommunication networks, including mobile and landlines, rely on power to maintain connectivity. Outages can disrupt communication channels and emergency services and impact businesses depending on constant communication.  

Education and Research

Schools, universities, and research institutions require power for electronic learning tools, research equipment, and communication systems. Power interruptions can disrupt classes, research projects, and remote learning programs. 

Water and Wastewater Management

Water treatment and sewage systems rely on power to pump and treat water and manage wastewater. Power outages can lead to water supply disruptions, sanitation issues, and environmental concerns. 

Agriculture and Farming

Modern agriculture relies on power for irrigation, climate control in greenhouses, and automated machinery. Power failures can impact crop yield, livestock management, and overall productivity. 

In all these industries, the effects of power outages extend beyond immediate operational disruptions. They can lead to financial losses, reputational damage, safety risks, and compromise public well-being. 

What States Are Most Affected in Australia?

With its vast geographical expanse and diverse climate conditions, Australia encounters its share of electricity supply disruptions. But which states are most affected?   

New South Wales (NSW)

As one of Australia’s most populous states, New South Wales experiences its fair share of power outages. The state’s ageing infrastructure and increasing energy demands contribute to the frequency of disruptions. Heatwaves, storms, and extreme weather events also pose challenges, putting pressure on the electrical grid.  


Victoria experiences power outages due to overloaded transmission lines and an outdated power network, which its factories and cities cause. The state’s reliance on a mix of energy sources, including coal, challenges maintaining a stable supply during peak demand. Victorian Government’s Interest-Free Solar Battery Loans can help future sustainability.  


Queensland’s tropical climate makes it susceptible to cyclones, storms, and flooding, contributing to power outages. The state’s large geographical size also presents logistical challenges in maintaining a consistent power supply.

South Australia

South Australia is shifting to renewable energy, generating much power from wind and solar sources. However, this transition has been challenging. 

Western Australia

It’s hard to keep a steady power supply in Western Australia due to the large distances between towns and cities. Remote areas often rely on isolated power systems, and extreme weather conditions, like cyclones and heat waves, can disrupt these systems.  

How To Avoid Power Outages And Blackouts?

Australia is making efforts to increase renewable energy. They are also working to prevent power outages and blackouts. This is all to create a cleaner and more reliable energy future. Here’s a comprehensive strategy detailing how the country can achieve this goal: 

Investment in Renewable Energy

renwable energy

Australia should prioritise substantial investments in renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, hydroelectric, and geothermal power. The nation can reduce its dependency on fossil fuels and increase its resilience to supply disruptions by diversifying energy. 

Daniel Westerman, AEMO CEO, says we urgently need to invest in renewable energy, storage, and transmission systems. This investment ensures a reliable energy supply for Australian households and businesses. 

Grid Modernisation

Upgrading the electrical grid with modern technologies is crucial. Smart grids use sensors, automation, and real-time monitoring. They optimise energy distribution, detect faults, and redirect power during high demand. This helps prevent blackouts caused by overloads. 

Energy Storage Solutions

Energy storage technologies like solar batteries, pumped hydro storage, and thermal storage can save excess renewable energy. You can store this energy when it is abundant and utilise it during high demand. This helps bridge the gap between intermittent renewable energy supply and consistent electricity availability. 

Demand Response Programs

Implementing demand response programs empowers consumers to adjust their energy usage during peak demand periods. Rewards, flexible pricing, and smart home systems can help people use less energy during peak times, preventing blackouts. 

Microgrids and Decentralised Energy Systems

Promoting the development of microgrids in communities, industrial complexes, and remote areas enhances energy security. These localised grids can operate autonomously during grid-wide outages, ensuring continuous power supply and reducing the impact of blackouts. 

Energy Efficiency and Conservation

Efforts to save energy, improve buildings, and raise public awareness are important in preventing power outages during high demand. 

Support Of Policy, Rebates, And Incentives

Governments can provide incentives, subsidies, and policies encouraging investment in renewable energy projects, energy storage solutions, and grid modernisation. A favourable policy environment fosters innovation and attracts private-sector participation. 

Research and Development

Investing in research and development for advanced renewable energy technologies, energy storage, and grid management systems can lead to breakthroughs. It can also enhance the reliability of renewable energy sources and their integration into the grid. 

Collaboration and Partnerships

Close collaboration between governments, utilities, industry stakeholders, research institutions, and communities is vital. Sharing expertise, resources, and knowledge can accelerate the adoption of renewable energy solutions and create a more resilient energy ecosystem. 

Australia is working to meet energy needs and protect the environment. This is essential for preventing power outages and providing reliable energy for people and businesses. 

In conclusion, Australia has a unique opportunity to transition to a more sustainable energy landscape while ensuring a reliable power supply.  

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